Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship.
For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and its myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars.
officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and formerly known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and People's Republic of China to its north and northeast.
This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions.
In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses.
Around the second century BC the first-known city-states emerged in central Myanmar.During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country.In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed.Both these names are derived from the name of the majority Burmese Bamar ethnic group.