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After being held off for 30 days, Alexander the Great outflanked and destroyed the defenders.Ariobarzanes himself was killed either during the battle or during the retreat to Persepolis.A large elevated water storage tank was carved at the eastern foot of the mountain.Professor Olmstead suggested the cistern was constructed at the same time that construction of the towers began.As the residence of the rulers of the empire, however, a remote place in a difficult alpine region was far from convenient.The country's true capitals were Susa, Babylon and Ecbatana.Some sources indicate that the Persians were betrayed by a captured tribal chief who showed the Macedonians an alternate path that allowed them to outflank Ariobarzanes in a reversal of Thermopylae.After several months, Alexander allowed his troops to loot Persepolis.
Further construction of the buildings on the terrace continued until the downfall of the Achaemenid Empire.
Around that time, a fire burned "the palaces" or "the palace".
Scholars agree that this event, described in historic sources, occurred at the ruins that have been now re-identified as Persepolis.
northeast of the city of Shiraz in Fars Province, Iran.
The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC.He stormed the "Persian Gates", a pass through modern-day Zagros Mountains.There Ariobarzanes of Persis successfully ambushed Alexander the Great's army, inflicting heavy casualties.Originally, the steps were believed to have been constructed to allow for nobles and royalty to ascend by horseback.