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itself from Late Latin carōta, from Greek καρωτόνor karōton, originally from the Indo-European root *ker- (horn), due to its horn-like shape.In Old English, carrots (typically white at the time) were not clearly distinguished from parsnips: the two were collectively called moru or more (from Proto-Indo-European *mork- "edible root", cf. Various languages still use the same word for "carrot" as they do for "root"; e.g. Its wild ancestors probably originated in Persia (regions of which are now Iran and Afghanistan), which remains the centre of diversity for the wild carrot Daucus carota.Soon after germination, carrot seedlings show a distinct demarcation between taproot and stem: the stem is thicker and lacks lateral roots. The first true leaf appears about 10–15 days after germination.Subsequent leaves are alternate (with a single leaf attached to a node), spirally arranged, and pinnately compound, with leaf bases sheathing the stem.The root length ranges from 5 to 50 cm (2 to 20 in), although most are between 10 and 25 cm (4 and 10 in).Flower development begins when the flat meristem changes from producing leaves to an uplifted, conical meristem capable of producing stem elongation and a cluster of flowers.
Most of the taproot consists of a pulpy outer cortex (phloem) and an inner core (xylem).The facing page states that "the root can be cooked and eaten." When they were first cultivated, carrots were grown for their aromatic leaves and seeds rather than their roots.Carrot seeds have been found in Switzerland and Southern Germany dating back to 2000–3000 BC.Some very old Man there [in 1668] did remember their first bringing hither." Daucus carota is a biennial plant.
In the first year, its rosette of leaves produces large amounts of sugars, which are stored in the taproot to provide energy for the plant to flower in the second year.
They consist of five petals, five stamens, and an entire calyx.